This is one of the most common modes of transportation. It has many advantages, for example; a customer may have a whole container loaded onto ships and transported nationally and internationally. Noting that, it allows goods of different sizes to be transported. The most common logistics types of ocean freight are briefly described below:
- RO / RO (Roll on-Roll off): these are specific cargo ships used mainly for transporting trucks, cars, machines and trailers.
- FCL (Full Container Load): this is a full load of a container occupied by one customer’s goods shipped to any desired destination.
- LCL (Less than Container Load): this is one container shared between different customers and their various goods, shipped to one shared destination.
The cost of ocean transport is relatively much lower than the air transport. Yet, one of its drawbacks is that the transit time is longer compared with the air transport.